THE INTERPRETATION OF OZYMANDIAS

 “OZYMANDIAS”

I met a traveler from an antique land
Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone
Stand in the desert… Near them on the sand,
Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown
And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command
Tell that its sculptor well those passions read
Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,
The hand that mocked them and the heart that fed;
And on the pedestal these words appear:
”My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings:
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!”
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare,
The lone and level sands stretch far away.

 

Ozymandias is a Percy Bysshe Shelley’s poem. This poem is a Sonnet which we can see it consists of 14 lines. The writer of this poem take a role as the one who met a traveler from Egypt. It’s portrayed at line 1, “I met a traveler from an antique land”. Traveler whom the writer try to portray in this poem is Ramesses II, the King of Egypt in one era, while antique land is Egypt, the land with many big pyramids. Ozymandias is another name of Ramesses. Shelley tries to portray Ramesses’ character by giving the dialouge between “I” and “a traveler”. He portrays Ramesses character by “a traveler” because on his era, he has big empire and vast territory. So, he often had had travel through his territory.

The author says on the line 2 and 3 “Two vast and trunkless legs of stone, Stand in the dessert… Near them on the sand,”. It means that Ozymandias had had big power on his heyday, but it’s contrast to the current condition, Ramesses no longer has the power like before. He has no foothold to stand, it portrays in “Stand in the desert… near them on the sand”. We can not stand firmly on the sand. The writer give emphasizing on Ramesses current condition by the 4 and 5 lines “Half sunk, a shattered visage lies, whose frown, And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold common”. The author of this poem describes the helpless condition of Ramesses by giving a face that has been broken and there is no body of the statue. In the line 5, Ramesses has no longer power, he is no longer able to rule with his arrogance, there is no more would listen to his commands.

Being the king of Egypt, had made Ramesses to act with his own wishes. He tried to describe his power by asking the sculptor to sculpture his statue to show how powerful and cruel he had. It’s shown in the line 6-7. We can see that he had emphasizez himself again by looking on the line 8-11. He portrayed how great he was and there is no others who can be like him. “My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings” illustrates how great and powerful he was until considered himself as God. In contrast, we can see on the line 8 that there are no others who are comfort by his government by looking on word “mocked”. At the last two lines (12-13), the author tries to describe the current condition of Ozymandias that he is nobody and there is no one again who are dutifully to carry out his commands. At the last line, the author portrays that there is no one who want to accompany him, he lives in a place which far from the crowd. The place is the dessert.

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